By Ulrich Beck
Faith posits one attribute as an absolute: religion. in comparison to religion, all different social differences and assets of clash are insignificant. the hot testomony says: ‘We are all equivalent within the sight of God'. to make sure, this equality applies purely to those that recognize God's lifestyles. What this suggests is that along the abolition of sophistication and country in the neighborhood of believers, faith introduces a brand new basic contrast into the realm the excellence among the correct of believers and the inaccurate style. hence brazenly or tacitly, faith brings with it the demonization of believers in different faiths.
The vital query that would make a decision the ongoing life of humanity is that this: How do we conceive of one of those inter-religious tolerance within which loving one's neighbor doesn't mean battle to the demise, a kind of tolerance whose objective isn't really fact yet peace?
Is what we're experiencing at this time a regression of monotheistic faith to a polytheism of the non secular spirit below the heading of ‘a God of one's own'? In Western societies, the place the autonomy of the person has been internalized, person people are inclined to think more and more at liberty to inform themselves little religion tales that healthy their very own lives to nominate ‘Gods in their own'. even though, this God of
their personal is not any longer the only and in simple terms God who presides over salvation by means of seizing keep an eye on of historical past and empowering his fans to be illiberal and use bare force.
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Extra info for A God of One's Own: Religion's Capacity for Peace and Potential for Violence
The whole system seemed to favor, in fact, the criminal over the righteous. You could behave badly, say you were sorry, you would get extra fun and be reinstated in the same position as the one who had done nothing, who now had both to suffer the crime and the difficulty of forgiving, with no goodies in addition at all. And, of course, you would feel freer than ever to sin if you were aware of such a safety net: sorry, sorry, oh so sorry. 42 The Return of the Gods Like soft birds flying you could let the words free.
The shock of discovering that the European or Western model of modernity is not universal With the encounter of the world religions with the New Religious Movements and their interpenetration, we see a breakdown of the universalist claims of the two great European cultures: the Christian faith and secular rationality. This applies also to the universalist claims of other religions, that of Muslim universalism, for example, the ‘Ummah’. Thus it is not just differences between the religions that have such huge potential for conflict, but the imploding of contextually shaped universalisms and hence too of social and moral certainties forced together in the global space.
In other words, the enforced secularization of religion has paved the way for the revitalization of religiosity and spirituality in the twenty-first century. The risk this poses for the churches is that the movements and the competition based on people’s ‘own personal gods’ will empty them and they will end up as profane institutions. The key to the ‘revitalization’ of religiosity in Europe is the decoupling of (institutional) religion and (subjective) faith. Quite early on, as early as the 1960s, sociologists of religion recognized that church attendance was not the be-all and end-all of religious practice, and certainly not the only expression of faith and religious membership.
A God of One's Own: Religion's Capacity for Peace and Potential for Violence by Ulrich Beck