By John W. I. Lee
Professor Lee presents a social and cultural background of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got usually been portrayed as a unmarried summary political neighborhood, this e-book unearths that lifestyles within the military used to be often formed by means of a collection of smaller social groups: the formal unit employer of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It comprises complete remedy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic kin among the warriors, apparatus and shipping, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and consuming, sanitation and treatment, and lots of different issues. It additionally accords designated consciousness to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historical literary and archaeological facts, old and smooth comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and smooth struggle stories. This publication is key studying for someone engaged on historic Greek war or on Xenophon's Anabasis.
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Professor Lee presents a social and cultural heritage of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got usually been portrayed as a unmarried summary political neighborhood, this booklet unearths that existence within the military was once generally formed via a suite of smaller social groups: the formal unit corporation of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group').
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Extra info for A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in Xenophon's Anabasis
28 It was a calculated risk. Cyrus probably hoped to surprise Artaxerxes by taking the less traveled path, but the valley had such sparse resources that his army would strip it bare on the passage downstream. 29 The first twelve days out from Thapsacus were not that bad. 30 From there, though, things got worse. 31 Xenophon and other rich Cyreans with horses had varying degrees of success chasing the local wildlife in relays, but ordinary soldiers likely subsisted for five days mostly on what they had gotten at the Araxes.
5. An. 11–12. Both rivers reach minimum flow in October, the Tigris slightly earlier than the Euphrates; see Admiralty Naval Staff (1918) 14, Naval Intelligence Division (1944) 26, Beaumont et al. (1988) 357. For canals see An. 17. Naval Intelligence Division (1944) 41–5. Note that at Caenae in late September (An. 1). An. 7–9. An. 1. The Greater Zapatas (Zab) typically hits its annual low in September–October, and is fordable in October; see Naval Intelligence Division (1944) 42, Beaumont et al.
1988) 356. On the topographical problems of the Lesser and Greater Zapatas, see Tuplin (1991) 45, Lendle (1995) 122–3. Naval Intelligence Division (1944) 166–9, Republic of Iraq (1962) 45, 57, 108. For more on the timeline of Cunaxa see Chapter Six; on heat illness and acclimation to high temperatures see Chapter Nine. 28 A Greek Army on the March also explain why both Cyreans and Persians sat motionless for twenty days – the balance of August – after Clearchus and Tissaphernes concluded a truce.
A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in Xenophon's Anabasis by John W. I. Lee