By Mark E. Jensen, Patrick S. Bourgeron
Ecosystem administration calls for a making plans and decision-making approach that areas land use in its acceptable ecological context. simply because ecological checks has to be performed at a variety of spatial scales and throughout jurisdictional obstacles, methods to evaluation needs to be suitable and in line with one another. A Guidebook for built-in EcologicalAssessment analyzes tools and offers criteria and protocols for overview and the mixing of data.
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Extra resources for A Guidebook for Integrated Ecological Assessments
Samson, F. ; Knopf, F. L. 1996. Ecosystem management: selected readings. New York: Springer-Verlag. Slocombe, D. S. 1993. Implementing ecosystem management. BioScience 43:612-622. 7 References Agee, J. K; Johnson, D. R, editors. 1988. Ecosystem management for parks and wilderness. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. Allen, T. F. ; Starr, T. B. 1982. Hierarchy: perspectives for ecological complexity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Allen, T. F. ; Hoekstra, T. ; O'Neill, R V. 1984.
7:181-194. ; Bennema, J. 1972. Land evaluationforagri- cultural land use planning: an ecological methodology. Wageningen, Netherlands: Dept. Soil Sci. , Agricultural Univ. Bourgeron, P. ; Jensen, M. E. 1994. An overview of ecological principles for ecosystem management. In: Jensen, M. ; Bourgeron, P. , tech. eds. Volume II: Ecosystem management: principles and applications. PNW-GTR-318. S. Dept. , For. , Pacific Northw. Res. : 45-57. Boyce, M. ; Haney, A. 1997. Ecosystem management: applications for sustainable forest and wildlife resources.
In light of the nonlinear, hierarchical, and nonequilibrium characteristics of ecosystems, assessment protocols must be designed and interpretations made using consistent terminology. 2 Ecosystems Can be Viewed Spatially and Temporally within Organizational Levels The concepts of scale and pattern are interwoven (Hutchinson, 1953; Levin, 1992). , 1986). , 1991). In recent years, considerable attention has been directed to describing the formal hierarchical organization of ecological systems. As applied to ecological assessments, hierarchy theory provides a needed framework for the description of the components of an ecosystem and their scaled relations.
A Guidebook for Integrated Ecological Assessments by Mark E. Jensen, Patrick S. Bourgeron