By Keiko Hirota
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Additional resources for A methodology of estimation on air pollution and its health effects in large Japanese cities
Choosing compounds to be measured is related to the type of monitoring stations. These, according to the standards, may be: 1. 2. 3. 4. Urban Background Station (for nitrogen oxides, ozone, aerosol particles and sulfur dioxide (optional)); Industrial / Residential Station (for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, aerosol particles and possibly other compound-specific ammonia or volatile organic compounds); Traffic Station (for nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, aerosol particles, volatile organic compounds (benzene) and sulfur dioxide (optional)); Regional Background Station (for nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, ozone, aerosol particles, volatile organic compounds).
3-μg/m3, was on October 21, 2000. 6-μg/m3, was on November 6, 2000. 3-µgm-3. 2-µgm-3. The PM10 concentration value was always greater than the 24-hour NAAQS (150-μg/m3 in industrial and commercial areas and 100-μg/m3 in residential areas). 60, but the prevalence of the local sources, with either a dominating fine or coarse fraction, may shift this ratio. 11. 26. 20. 18. 5 Estimation of Ambient Air Quality in Delhi 43 contribution to PM10 is 47%, which increases to 59% at VV, further increases to 69% at IIT and achieves its maximum (77%) at SKP.
A weak correlation between simulated and measured data (R2< 0,5) 34 Air Quality – Monitoring and Modeling The values of the fractions of predicting (FA2) must be between 0,5 and 2. 8. The model’s parameterization The correlation between the simulated and measured data could be improved if the errors are corrected. The input data are very important for the quality of output data. In the input data there are a few parameterization mathematical relationships which could be improved. The model must be run with the new inputs.
A methodology of estimation on air pollution and its health effects in large Japanese cities by Keiko Hirota