By Michael Herzfeld
Michael Herzfeld describes what occurs while a forms charged with old conservation clashes with a neighborhood population adversarial to the kingdom and suspicious of tourism. targeting the Cretan city of Rethemnos, as soon as a middle of studying less than Venetian rule and later inhabited by way of the Turks, he examines significant questions confronting conservators and electorate as they negotiate the "ownership" of heritage: Who defines the previous? To whom does the previous belong? what's "traditional" and the way is that this decided? Exploring the meanings of the equipped setting for Rethemnos's population, Herzfeld unearths that their curiosity in it has extra to do with own histories and the speedy social context than with the formal heritage that draws the conservators. He additionally investigates the population' social practices from the standpoints of loved ones and relatives team, political organization, local, gender ideology, and the consequences of those on attitudes towards domestic possession. within the face of modernity, the place culture is an item of either reverence and commercialism, Rethemnos emerges as an incredible ethnographic window onto the ambiguous cultural fortunes of Greece.
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Extra resources for A Place in History: Social and Monumental Time in a Cretan Town (Princeton Studies in Culture, Power, History)
Even olives create problems : if the cou ple's home villages are far apart, the crop may require two days' work instead of the one it would have taken to harvest the same yield in a single place ; but this is a minor nuisance when set beside the recurrent incon veniences of vine cultivation . Vines are thus a high -risk activity \Vi th potentially good p rofits but also frequent setbacks and heavy expenses for the rural farmer ; for the town dweller, unless local la borers can be employed at a reasonable wage, they mean probable and repetitive disaster.
THE TOWN OF THE TALE 31 Viticulture is immensely more labor-consuming than olive cultivation, to which it has increasingly given way in the Cretan countryside with the demise of true subsistence farming. Viticulture not only calls for more speci alized knowledge, it is also far more inconvenient for town dwellers . In January, the vines must be carefully pruned. After fertilizer has been laid down, the cultivator must watch the weather; if there is too much rain, spraying and sulphur dusting become urgently necess ary.
In a late nineteenth-century photograph of a young urban Muslim woman, however, we see only a gauzy partial drape, which suggests that she did not literally have to hide her identity even before a Christian male (who happened to be the French consul general) . Another of his photographs, this time portraying female Muslim migrants from North Africa (khalikoutisses), shows several of these women full face and completely unveiled ( Louloudakis 1 984 : 1 5 , 44, 6 1 ) . The law, i t seems, recognized the formal implications o f veiling rather than its sketchy implementation in practice.
A Place in History: Social and Monumental Time in a Cretan Town (Princeton Studies in Culture, Power, History) by Michael Herzfeld