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By Pierre Clastres

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Esta coletânea de onze artigos publicados entre 1962 e 1974 por Pierre Clastres (1934-1977) constitui um dos mais importantes trabalhos de antropologia política já divulgados. A obra reflete uma reviravolta nas ciências humanas, propiciada nos anos 1960 por autores franceses como Claude Lévi-Strauss, Michel Foucault e Gilles Deleuze. Clastres critica a razão política ocidental, aferrada em noções de dominação e subordinação, e afirma que a sociedade civil pode prescindir da figura do Estado. Para demonstrar essa tese audaz, o autor analisa a experiência de povos indígenas da América do Sul.

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Extra resources for A Sociedade contra o Estado: investigações de antropologia política

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Floresta a questao das relac;oes politicas: enquanto estrutura de linha;gem multipla ela da-se uma autoridade «centralizada», e conserva ao mesmo tempo as sub-chefias «locais». de pelochefe principal. As populac;oes do grupo tupi-guarani diferenciam-se pois das outras etnias da mesma area cultural pela maior complexidade da sua. 0 alargamento por vezes muito vasto do seu' horizonte. gem multipl:a. e que, em diversas zonas da. Floresta, se desenvolvia uma. tendencia para. passava largamente 0 quadro estreito da aldeia.

Razao invocada: os cronistas exageraram fantasticamente a importancia da populagao indigena. Encontramo-nos assim colocooos perante uma situagao bem estranha: tudo e aceitavel nos cronistas, excepto os nilmeros que nos dao! Que 0'S 'erros, senao as mentiros, dos cronistas se situem ,todos na mesma ordem de grandeza parece nao incomodar ninguem. s as aV'alialjoes dos cronistas. tt. oem 0 pouco case que ele faz das indicag5es fornecidas pelos croniatas. Quantos Indios havia na America antes da chegada dos Brancos?

Parte do territorio total. (Na ilha do Maranhao, caso especial como vimos, 'as hortas nao ocupam no entanto mais do que a nonagesima parte da superficie da Bha. E, segundo Yves d'Evreux on Claude d'AbbevHle, nada indica que os doze mil. habitan1ies da ft 92 Comtm1eac;40 Pessoal. ilha estivessem particularmente am~os de escassez). 000 Guarani, embora hipotetico, nada tem de inverosimi1. 000 Indios no Paraguai ern 1492. Sobre que bases assenmm os seus calculofl, nao sabemos. 000 Indios. 0 que 0 term.

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A Sociedade contra o Estado: investigações de antropologia política by Pierre Clastres


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