Read e-book online A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative PDF

By Gary Goertz

ISBN-10: 0691149704

ISBN-13: 9780691149707

ISBN-10: 0691149712

ISBN-13: 9780691149714

Some within the social sciences argue that a similar common sense applies to either qualitative and quantitative equipment. In A story of 2 Cultures, Gary Goertz and James Mahoney show that those paradigms represent varied cultures, each one internally coherent but marked through contrasting norms, practices, and toolkits. They determine and talk about significant transformations among those traditions that contact approximately each point of social technological know-how examine, together with layout, targets, causal results and types, thoughts and size, information research, and case choice. even supposing desirous about the variations among qualitative and quantitative examine, Goertz and Mahoney additionally search to advertise toleration, trade, and studying via allowing students to imagine past their very own tradition and spot another medical worldview. This booklet is written in an simply obtainable kind and contours a number of real-world examples to demonstrate methodological points.

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Sample text

Qualitative researchers also study and analyze the effects of individual causes. Often they do so in conjunction with trying to comprehensively explain an outcome. , analyzing the effects of causes). Sometimes qualitative researchers are interested in a particular cause and its effect for its own sake. For example, Collier and Collier's (1991) Shaping the Political Arena is focused on understanding the effect of variations in labor incorporation periods on long­ run political dynamics in Latin America.

4a, we have a hypothetical depiction of the situation as of 1820. At that time, there were few democracies in the world, and thus very few democratic dyads. , Y. 4b, more than half the countries of the world are now democracies. This means that X as a subset of Y has increased dramatically, constituting a reasonable proportion of Y. With data from 1820, one could Chapter 2 36 plausibly claim that the theory of a democratic peace is a true but fairly trivial finding. In our times, however, one cannot say that the democratic peace is trivial, because democratic dyads make up a sizable subset of all peaceful dyads.

In the case of the democratic peace, one can formulate the key finding as follows: the absence of a democratic dyad is a necessary condition for war. While in logic one would not normally confuse a necessary condition with a sufficient condition, with statistical methods the relationships appear the same. In fact, if you calculate 2x2 measures of association, you can arrive at exactly the same results regardless of whether the data are distributed as a necessary condition or a sufficient condition.

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A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences by Gary Goertz

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