By A. Carl LeVan
Africa is altering and you may forget how decentralization, democratization, and new different types of illiberalism have reworked federalism, political events, and native politics. Chapters on Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and South Africa aid fill a massive hole in comparative institutional learn approximately kingdom and native politics in Africa.
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Additional resources for African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power
Boundary Control: Subnational Authoritarianism in Federal Democracies, Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Godwin, P. 2010. The Fear: Robert Mugabe and the Martyrdom of Zimbabwe. New York: Little, Brown and Company. Green, E. 2011. ‘Decentralization and Political Opposition in Contemporary Africa: Evidence from Sudan and Ethiopia,’ Democratization 18(5): 1087–1105. Henrard, K. 2004. , Williams, R. and Marko, J. ) Federalism, Subnational Constitutions, and Minority Rights, 25–39.
In response to long-standing agitations in the oil-rich Niger Delta, the 1999 Constitution requires that a minimum of 13 percent of natural resource revenues in the Federation Account be paid upfront to the resource-bearing areas on a derivation basis. These revenues are currently paid to the states, rather than to the resource-bearing local government areas or communities. Other mechanisms put in place in Nigeria to accommodate the needs of the country’s oil-bearing sections include: s the Federal Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs, headed by a Minister and Minister of State (both from the Niger Delta), charged with fasttracking and coordinating infrastructure development, environmental protection, youth empowerment, militants’ amnesty projects in the Niger Delta; s the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), funded with statutory contributions by the federal government and the oil companies, which promotes developmental programs in the Niger Delta; s the Oil Mineral Producing Areas Commission, established by several Niger Delta state governments following the model of the NDDC and charged with responding to the developmental needs of oil-bearing local governments and communities.
North, D. and Weingast, B. 1996. , Eggertsson, T. and North, D. ) Empirical Studies in Institutional Change, 134–165. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. Olowu, D. and Wunsch, J. ) 2004. Local Governance in Africa: the Challenges of Democratic Decentralization. Boulder: Lynne Rienner. Osadolor, O. 2000. , Suberu, R. and Herault, G. ) Federalism and Political Restructuring in Nigeria, 34–50. Ibadan: Spectrum. Pew Research Center. 2012. The America-Western European Values Gap, American Exceptionalism Subsides.
African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power by A. Carl LeVan