Download e-book for iPad: Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of by Paul Feyerabend

By Paul Feyerabend

ISBN-10: 0860916464

ISBN-13: 9780860916468

Sleek philosophy of technology has paid nice consciousness to the knowledge of clinical 'practice', unlike focus on medical 'method'. Paul Feyerabend's acclaimed paintings, which has contributed enormously to this new emphasis, indicates the deficiencies of a few frequent principles in regards to the nature of information. He argues that the one possible reasons of medical successes are historic reasons, and that anarchism needs to now exchange rationalism within the conception of data. The 3rd version of this vintage textual content encompasses a new preface and extra reflections at a number of issues during which the writer takes account either one of contemporary debates on technological know-how and at the effect of clinical items and practices at the human group. whereas disavowing populism or relativism, Feyerabend keeps to insist that the voice of the inexpert has to be heard. therefore many environmental perils have been first pointed out by means of non-experts opposed to winning assumptions within the medical group. Feyerabend's demanding reassessment of medical claims and understandings are as stinky and well timed as ever.

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Extra info for Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge

Sample text

The only difference between such a measure and a more recent theory is age and familiarity. Had the younger theory been there first, then the consistency condition would have worked in its favour. ' 3 In this respect the effect of the consistency condition is rather similar to the effect of the more traditional methods of transcendental deduction, analysis of essences, phenomenological analysis, linguistic analysis. It contributes to the preservation of the old and familiar not because of any inherent advantage in it but because it is old and familiar.

In both cases they will precipitate real progress and not merely arbitrary change. The proper procedure must therefore consist in the confrontation of the accepted point of view with as many relevant facts as possible. The exclusion of alternatives is then simply a measure of expediency: their invention not only does not help, it even hinders progress by absorbing time and manpower that could be devoted to better things. The consistency condition eliminates such fruitless discussion and it forces the scientist to concentrate on the facts which, after all, are the only acceptable judges of a theory.

The question is whose achievements are better or more important and this question cannot be answered for there are no realistic alternatives to provide a point of comparison. A wonderful invention has turned into a fossil. There exist numerous historical examples of the process I have just described and various authors have commented on it. The most important recent author is Professor Thomas Kuhn. In his Struaure of Scientific Revolutions, 8 he distinguishes between science and pre­ science and, within science, between revolutions and normal science.

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Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge by Paul Feyerabend

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