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Extra info for Agricultural Policies for Poverty Reduction
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES FOR POVERTY REDUCTION g OECD 2012 49 1. 2. Smallholder adjustment here is understood to be the optimal path to higher long-term income, be that improved competitiveness within the sector, income diversification (from agricultural or non-agricultural sources), or exit to other sectors. Adjustment pathways are described in the columns, and policy instruments in the rows. The first column (improving competitiveness within agriculture) applies to farm households only, but the other columns may apply to both farm households and salaried (often "landless") worker households.
The spatial transformation The spatial transformation from rural to predominantly urban economic activity is not as uniform as the sectoral transformation. 5 on the logarithmic scale) have more than 50% of their population in rural areas. On average, this share declines to 25% when countries reach an income of USD 20 000. 6 In China a majority (about 56%) of the population is still rural, but rapid migration from rural areas might soon change this situation. In 1983 the cumulative number of rural migrants was about 2 million in China.
Lee (2003). While there are common elements of the adjustment process, there are also asymmetries. 6 compares agriculture's share of GDP with agriculture's share of employment for recent years in a large number of developed and developing countries. 5 Nearly all countries lie below this line, suggesting that agricultural labour is AGRICULTURAL POLICIES FOR POVERTY REDUCTION © OECD 2012 33 1. 6. Agriculture's share of GDP versus agriculture's share of employment, 2008 A Europe non-OECD Q. 3 Ghana X Mali taBurkina Faso tt 23 Uganda 25 ," 20 4,Argentina, 44,e 4 5 4,* v 0 0 Ko 10 0,23Cameroon I 4 z/ A 15 10 n Kenya Ilan ladesh Ni caragua ".
Agricultural Policies for Poverty Reduction by OECD Publishing