Agricultural Reform in China: Getting Institutions Right - download pdf or read online

By Yiping Huang

ISBN-10: 0511628587

ISBN-13: 9780511628580

ISBN-10: 0521620554

ISBN-13: 9780521620550

The profitable agricultural reform conducted in China within the Seventies began encountering mounting problems from the mid-1980s, as development charges dropped and costs elevated sharply. This learn analyzes the several reform measures brought in China long ago 20 years, and gives a whole research of the prevailing agricultural process. via cautious exam of the political economic climate and the various coverage innovations, the writer argues that China may still push ahead with its market-oriented reform measures and introduce the pains of overseas festival into the rural region.

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Additional resources for Agricultural Reform in China: Getting Institutions Right (Trade and Development)

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Some products, mainly necessities such as grain and crop residues, were allocated on a per capita basis regardless of working effort throughout the year. The rest (income) was distributed according to an individual's accumulation of working points and the value of each working point. 12 At the end of 1978 there were 52,780 communes, each consisting of about thirteen brigades which, in turn, each had about seven to ten production teams (Johnson 1988). 30 Agricultural reform in China Most official documents indicate that the objective of agricultural collectivisation was to modernise backward, small-scale individual agricultural units.

Imports and exports occurred only when they were necessary to balance domestic markets, such as food imports in 1962-64, and to meet industrialisation objectives, such as the import of machinery. Second, China's trade occurred primarily with other communist groups, especially the Soviet Union - the so-called 'leaning to one side'. This was at the time when major Western countries adopted policies that blocked the People's Republic's economic and political relations with the outside world. At the beginning of the 1960s, China broke from the Soviet Union in defence of its own ideology and the unity of its own economy.

County that joined Xiaogang adopted this system of 'contracting everything to the household' (Guo et al. 1993). At the same time, about 85 per cent of China's production teams were involved in various experiments with changing responsibility for monitoring production. In their early stages of development the responsibility systems depended on what was contracted and how output was related to rewards. 1). Under the special management system (Dinger Baogan), team members were still involved in collective labour.

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Agricultural Reform in China: Getting Institutions Right (Trade and Development) by Yiping Huang

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