By Richard Stoneman
Presents an creation to the background of Alexander and the most issues of his reign. in addition to tackling difficulties of interpretation, the textual content comprises: an exam of the written and different resources, and the issues of operating with them; dialogue of archaeological and numismatic proof; an overview of the Macedonian historical past; perception into Alexander's schooling and ideas; an exploration of Alexander's declare to divinity; review of Alexander's brief and long term achievements; and a learn of his effect in antiquity.
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Extra info for Alexander the Great (Lancaster Pamphlets in Ancient History)
Nectanebo fled, Egypt capitulated, and Philip made a non-aggression pact with Persia (343) – for the time being. Alexander was by this time 13 years old. He had been born in 356 to Philip’s third wife, Olympias. Philip had several wives, all acquired for dynastic reasons: Olympias was the daughter of Neoptolemus of Epirus. She was the first to produce a son, and jealously guarded Alexander’s succession when Philip in due course took two more wives. The last, Cleopatra, a relative of Attalus, may have been a love-match; certainly Olympias lost no time, when necessity arose, of eliminating her and her infant son Caranus, a potential rival to Alexander.
It resembled its southern neighbour Thessaly in being a territorial state rather than being centred on a polis or ‘citystate’ like Athens, Sparta or Thebes; but it was more centralised in its structure even than Thessaly, in that it was ruled by an absolute monarch of a pattern recalling that of the basileis of the Homeric poems. Macedon, under a strong central administration, gradually obtained rule over neighbouring regions and peoples until, by the reign of Philip II (359–36), it controlled the regions of Paeonia to the north and the Lyncestian people to the west.
The Tyrians soon began to harry the builders with arrows and slingshot: Alexander had protective screens built against them. The Tyrians sent a fireship which burned them down along with much of Alexander’s artillery: he had new towers and artillery built. But he needed ships. Fortunately the news of Issus had resulted in largescale defections of Phoenician and other squadrons from the Persian fleet, and Alexander soon had an armada of over 100 ships which quickly blockaded Tyre on the seaward side.
Alexander the Great (Lancaster Pamphlets in Ancient History) by Richard Stoneman