By Stephen Turner (auth.)
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Additional info for American Sociology: From Pre-Disciplinary to Post-Normal
The book was published after the war, and had a wide public audience, but it was the culmination, in sociology, of the earlier phase in the discussion of the problem of values. 1057/9781137377173 Revolution of the Twenties and the Interwar Years and had them follow, but had trouble making the public follow. The issue was values. Their values and those of the demos were not the same, and civilizing and instructing them did not bring them into alignment. Lundberg framed this issue differently.
Qualitative techniques were developed as well: participant observation, life history analysis, and forms of auto-ethnography, exemplified in such works as Nels Anderson’s The Hobo (1923). The concepts of sociology were close to ‘public’ concepts, but expanded them in illuminating ways. Concepts such as Charles H. Cooley’s notion of ‘the primary group’ or the Chicago School’s urban ecological notions of ‘the Central Business District’ passed into public usage. Works such as Middletown (Lynd and Lynd, 1929), combining ethnographic observation and simple statistics about a wide range of community topics, were widely read and discussed.
P. 1057/9781137377173 Conflict between Advocacy and Objectivity fact producing techniques that were readily understood by reasonably sophisticated outsiders. Rural sociologists pioneered projects which involved school children in creating maps that displayed the physical distribution of social relations and wealth, which were then fed back to the public at county fairs. Chicago sociology was to connect mapping and neighborhood studies to a large-scale program of social reform, the Chicago Area Project, which was designed in the 1930s to strengthen neighborhood social ties through active neighborhood organizations in order to reduce juvenile crime.
American Sociology: From Pre-Disciplinary to Post-Normal by Stephen Turner (auth.)