An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800–1990: The by John Drabble PDF

By John Drabble

ISBN-10: 0230389465

ISBN-13: 9780230389465

ISBN-10: 031223077X

ISBN-13: 9780312230777

ISBN-10: 0333553004

ISBN-13: 9780333553008

ISBN-10: 0333714296

ISBN-13: 9780333714294

An fiscal background of Malaysia, c.1800-1990 , presents the 1st normal background of the Malaysian economic system over the last centuries, together with a survey of the pre-colonial period. a different characteristic is that it integrates the ancient reviews of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak as a case examine within the onset of contemporary fiscal development. specific recognition is paid to explaining Malaysia's sign good fortune achieve a comparatively delicate shift clear of the first commodity export economic climate of the colonial interval to near-NIC prestige via 1990.

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Additional resources for An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800–1990: The Transition to Modern Economic Growth

Example text

By the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries sawah was increasingly becoming predominant in the ‘traditional’ Malay village economy (Zaharah Mahmud, 1992). The level of technology in rice cultivation was generally low. Sawah relied for the most part on natural rainfall. In the Peninsula seeds were usually broadcast by hand, rather than established in a nursery and subsequently transplanted to the field; the latter would have obtained a more even distribution of the plants. Tools were basic. In ladang cultivation the main implements were the dibble-stick (tugal) and the short hoe (keri).

In the western coastal districts of Sabah by the nineteenth century seeds were transplanted, and an elaborate system of dykes, sluices and canals utilised (Ranjit Singh, 1984, 392). Communities were not completely self-sufficient. Interchanges took place between upland and lowland peoples, the former trading forest products in return for foodstuffs, salt, cloth and so on (Dunn, 1975, 113). The port cities, with their large non-food producing populations, were dependent upon supplies from their surrounding hinterland and sometimes from much further afield.

The major factors restraining population growth in Southeast Asia in this period were instability caused by ‘constant low level warfare’ (Reid, 1988, 9 10 The Premodern Economy 17), diseases such as smallpox, subsistence crises and low fertility rates. The first of these was perhaps the prime cause, not so much through high casualty rates in battle (deaths were relatively few), but rather as the result of the removal of large numbers of people as captives. For example, between 1618 and 1624 several centres in the Malay Peninsula were attacked by the north Sumatran state of Aceh.

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An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800–1990: The Transition to Modern Economic Growth by John Drabble

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