Get Animal waste containment in lagoons PDF

By Lakshmi N. Reddi, American Society of Civil Engineers Task Committee on Animal Waste con

ISBN-10: 0784407169

ISBN-13: 9780784407165

ISBN-10: 078447107X

ISBN-13: 9780784471074

''Animal Waste Containment in Lagoons'' presents a complete view of the state of the art perform of animal waste containment and provides instructions for destiny study innovations. Practitioners within the following disciplines: water assets, environmental, geotechnical, and agricultural engineering will locate this guide to be very priceless. subject matters lined contain: destiny of nitrogen compounds in animal waste lagoons; Seepage and shipping via anaerobic lagoon liners; Clogging of animal waste lagoon liners; comparing seepage losses and liner functionality at animal waste lagoons utilizing water stability equipment; Use of coal combustion by-products as low permeability liners for manure garage amenities; and Air caliber concerns linked to cattle creation

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Volatilization of ammonia takes place when the pH of the system is alkaline and undissociated ammonia is present. Volatilization can be rapid at higher temperatures and depends on the degree of mixing in the lagoon. 0 and a summertime water temperature of 30°C, approximately 60% of ammonia nitrogen exists in the NH3 form. Long detention times allow for continued and effective removal of nitrogen by volatilization over the long term. Assuming ammonia volatilization as the primary removal mechanism, nitrogen removal in lagoons can be related to pH, detention time, and temperature according to the following two equations.

Presence of nitrogen as ammonia or ammonium ions (NH4+) strongly depends on pH and temperature of the waste. 23. At the liquid/water interface of the waste lagoon, ammonia gas may partition into the air, resulting in production of noxious odors. Selected properties and adverse health effects of ammonia gas are listed in Table 2-5. Electrical conductivity readings have been proposed for quick estimations of ammonia-N and TKN in lagoon supernatants. Using 4-yr averages from six single-cell recycle-lagoons, Westerman et al.

Presence of nitrogen as ammonia or ammonium ions (NH4+) strongly depends on pH and temperature of the waste. 23. At the liquid/water interface of the waste lagoon, ammonia gas may partition into the air, resulting in production of noxious odors. Selected properties and adverse health effects of ammonia gas are listed in Table 2-5. Electrical conductivity readings have been proposed for quick estimations of ammonia-N and TKN in lagoon supernatants. Using 4-yr averages from six single-cell recycle-lagoons, Westerman et al.

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Animal waste containment in lagoons by Lakshmi N. Reddi, American Society of Civil Engineers Task Committee on Animal Waste con


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