By Miranda Green
In Animals in Celtic lifestyles and delusion, Miranda eco-friendly attracts on proof from early Celtic files, archaeology and iconography to think about the way during which animals shaped the root of tricky rituals and ideology. She finds that animals have been endowed with an exceptionally excessive prestige, thought of via the Celts as precious of appreciate and admiration.
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Extra info for Animals in Celtic Life and Myth
103 Certainly one or other method would be used before either autumn, winter or spring ploughing. 105 The benefits of manuring were recognized long before the Iron Age. The dung of goats, sheep and horses was probably valued most, followed by that of cattle and pigs. As well as being applied directly to the fields, manure could first be burned and its ash spread onto the arable land. Burning dung was also a useful source of fuel: this practice is widespread in Europe and beyond, from India to Iceland.
Waterlogged wood from the site has yielded a radiocarbon date of 220±90 BC. 154 Honey was used in cooking and there are Insular literary references to meat rubbed with honey and salt and cooked over an open fire. Salmon was also baked in honey. The name of the mythical Queen Medb of Connacht may be associated philologically with mead intoxication. Mead was drunk at the great sacred Celtic festivals, and the official name of the assembly hall at Tara (a royal court over which Medb presided) is Tech Midchuarta, the House of the Mead Circling.
8 Silvered bronze brooch in the form of a horse’s and a ram’s head, fourth century BC, Dürrnburg, Hallein, Austria. Length: 4cm. Paul Jenkins. work at Butser have contributed greatly to our understanding of the raising and management of sheep. 48 But if the wide-ranging Soay sheep were allowed to wander at will, then the new arable crop would have been in jeopardy from grazing, so there must have been some control or corralling system to protect the fields. 49 Analysis of the faunal remains at Danebury shows that more than 70 per cent of the animals kept by the hillfort community were sheep.
Animals in Celtic Life and Myth by Miranda Green