Download e-book for kindle: Anthropology: The Basics by Peter Metcalf

By Peter Metcalf

ISBN-10: 0415331196

ISBN-13: 9780415331197

The final advisor for the coed encountering anthropology for the 1st time, Anthropology: The Basics explains and explores key anthropological thoughts including:
<UL> • what's anthropology?
• how do we distinguish cultural variations from actual ones?
• what's tradition, anyway?
• how do anthropologists examine culture?
• what are the most important theories and methods used today?
• How has the self-discipline replaced over time?
This student-friendly textual content offers an summary of the elemental ideas of anthropology and is a useful advisor for a person desirous to examine extra approximately this attention-grabbing subject.

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Misunderstanding cultural difference R E T H I N K I N G “ R A C I A L” C H A R A C T E R I S T I C S So clear is this result to anthropologists in the twenty-first century that we take it for granted that just about all supposedly “racial” characteristics are really cultural characteristics. What that means is that we have to rethink all of the former in terms of the latter. There are innumerable possible examples, but just two will suffice to make the point: African musicality. In America many people both black and white take it for granted that black people are inherently gifted musically.

Consequently, their music thrived, largely out of sight of their masters. To this day, researchers have found, the play of African-American children in the street and in school playgrounds is dominated by games of verbal and physical dexterity, a perfect training for music. By the 1950’s, even before de-segregation, black music was beginning to find its way into mainstream American culture. Needless to say, white musicians who were attracted to it rapidly learned its complex rhythms and styles, and melded them with their own.

Slight differences in mitochondrial genetic material can consequently be used to compare the degree of closeness of populations all over the world. Out of this research came an amazing result: all currently existing human populations are descended from one small population that existed about 50,000 years ago. ” Misunderstanding cultural difference What this result shows is that human beings are even more closely related to each other than we had imagined before. In evolutionary terms, 50,000 years is the mere blinking of an eye, and the physical variety of our species is superficial.

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Anthropology: The Basics by Peter Metcalf

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