By James Kraska
This is often the 1st e-book to ascertain Arctic security coverage and armed forces defense from the viewpoint of all 8 Arctic states. In mild of weather swap and melting ice within the Arctic Ocean, Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, and the USA, in addition to Iceland, Sweden, and Finland, are grappling with an rising Arctic protection paradigm. This quantity brings jointly the world's such a lot pro Arctic political-military specialists from Europe and North the USA to investigate how Arctic countries are adapting their defense postures to deal with elevated delivery, increasing naval presence, and effort and mineral improvement within the polar quarter. The e-book analyzes the ascent of Russia because the first "Arctic superpower," the growing to be value of polar protection for NATO and the Nordic states, and the expanding function of Canada and the USA within the zone.
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Extra info for Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change
Naval War College in September, 2009. Discussions at the conference were marked by consensus on some matters, ambiguity on others, and silence on still others. As to consensus, it seemed generally to be agreed that prevailing commentary on the Arctic is too much given to drama and exaggeration when it comes to the potential for international competition and conflict. At issue here are frequent references to an Arctic meltdown, to the perfect storm that’s just ahead as states clash in pursuit of resources and are ensured access to them, to the Arctic as location for the start of World War III, and so on.
Led by Canada, Finland, and the United States during 2005–09, the study is a follow-on effort to the council’s Arctic Climate Impact Assessment and Arctic Marine Strategic Plan, both released in 2004 and each indicating future increases in Arctic marine operations. The AMSA is an assessment of current and future Arctic marine activity with a focus on Arctic marine safety and environmental protection; these key themes are consistent with the Arctic Council’s mandates of environmental protection and sustainable development.
Mark Kennedy, “Ottawa Unveils Sovereignty Blueprint,” National Post, August 21, 2010. Arctic Security 19 Nevertheless, not all is well. Isolationist argumentation demands increased reliance on armed force. It does so in varying degree throughout the region, feeds on perceived military threats, and cannot be ignored. Accordingly, and by way of small comfort to the prophet of adversarial relations, it may be said that a struggle is indeed taking shape in the region. Although armed force and the potential for combat are certainly implicated, the struggle is political and not military in nature.
Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change by James Kraska