New PDF release: Artificial Societies: The Computer Simulation Of Social Life

By Nigel Gilbert, Rosaria Conte

ISBN-10: 0203993691

ISBN-13: 9780203993699

ISBN-10: 1857283058

ISBN-13: 9781857283051

An exploration of the consequences of advancements in man made intelligence for social clinical learn, which builds at the theoretical and methodological insights supplied through "Simulating societies".; This publication is meant for around the globe library marketplace for social technology matters comparable to sociology, political technology, geography, archaeology/anthropology, and critical charm inside machine technological know-how, quite man made intelligence. additionally own reference for researchers.

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Additional info for Artificial Societies: The Computer Simulation Of Social Life (Social Research Techniques & Methods)

Sample text

In this example there is a clear advantage in the division of labour: when a perturbation occurs in a sequential system, it affects the whole system, when instead it occurs in a system made up of small independent and parallel subunits it will not propagate outside the affected subunit. But if we rule out the possibility of perturbations and mistakes, this advantage disappears and the parallel system seems rather less efficient because of its higher co-ordination costs. Only if we consider the positive, long-term effects that the division of labour might have on individuals’ working capability, because of learning-by-doing and specialization, can we again find advantages in an increase in the degree of task decomposition.

The combinations of wealthy actors, frequency of fights, and trends in population wealth differ considerably from one population to another. Even though each actor is using the same decision rules, the results differ greatly because of random differences in initial wealth and in the order in which actors become active. “Imperial overstretch” can bring down even the strongest actor. As an actor becomes committed to others via tribute relationships and fighting together, it becomes exposed to the risks of whatever fights the others get into.

When one actor pays tribute to another, the first actor is also likely to be partially under the second actor’s political domination, and therefore compelled to assist the second actor next time. A state typically becomes committed to helping the patron, whether by choice or necessity, as illustrated by the participation of many Latin-American states in the Second World War after Pearl Harbor. Conversely, the protection of states that have provided benefits is also commonplace, to protect future sources of revenue.

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Artificial Societies: The Computer Simulation Of Social Life (Social Research Techniques & Methods) by Nigel Gilbert, Rosaria Conte


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