Get Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: Modern Guide and PDF

By Craig Cook

ISBN-10: 1590597478

ISBN-13: 9781590597477

This HTML publication is meant to be the cornerstone in any smooth aspiring net builders library. So why one other HTML publication? the answer's that net improvement has replaced with the arrival of internet criteria, which means lot of the previous books at the moment are obsolete—all the code and methods contained inside of this ebook are strictly criteria compliant and most sensible perform, so the reader isn't taught superseded, undesirable options, and their websites will paintings correctly in so much net browsers, be lean and small in dossier dimension, obtainable to internet clients with disabilities, and simply findable via se's resembling Google. This e-book makes use of sensible examples to teach readers easy methods to constitution info appropriately utilizing (X)HTML, and the fundamentals of styling it and laying it out utilizing Cascading kind Sheets (CSS,) and including dynamic habit to it utilizing JavaScript…as fast as attainable. it's also valuable to more matured net developers—there are complete reference tables behind the publication.

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But generally speaking, when we refer to a document, we’re talking about the plain-text file that contains the XHTML source code, while a page is the visible result when a graphical web browser renders that document. A document is what you author, and a page is what you (and the visitors to your website) will see and use. An XHTML document must conform to a rigid structure to be considered valid and well formed, with a few required components arranged in a precise configuration. Listing 2-1 shows the basic skeleton of a well-formed document, with all the required pieces in their proper places.

CSS is designed so that more specific selectors override and supersede less specific selectors. Specificity is one of the more nebulous and hard-to-grasp concepts in CSS but is also one of the most powerful features of the language. We’ll cover the rules of specificity in more detail later, but let’s first introduce the selectors. Universal Selector The universal selector is merely an asterisk (*) acting as a “wild card” to select any and all elements in the document. For example, this rule: * { color: blue; } would apply a blue foreground (text) color to all elements.

But in XHTML, all elements must end with a closing tag . . almost all, that is. Some tags indicate empty elements, which are elements that do not, and in fact cannot, hold any contents. Empty elements don’t require a closing tag but are instead “self-closed” in XHTML with a trailing slash at the end of a single tag that represents the entire element. For example, the following tag represents a line break, an empty element that forces the text that follows it to wrap to a new line when a browser renders the document (you’ll learn more about this element in Chapter 4):
The space before the trailing slash isn’t strictly required, but it will help older browsers interpret the tag correctly—without that space, some rare, old browsers fail to notice the tag’s closing bracket.

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Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: Modern Guide and Reference (Beginning: from Novice to Professional) by Craig Cook


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