The supply of water provide, sanitation and wastewater prone generates great merits for public future health, the economic system and the surroundings. Benefit-to-cost ratios might be as excessive as 7 to one for simple water and sanitation providers in constructing international locations. Wastewater remedy interventions, for instance, generate major merits for public wellbeing and fitness, the surroundings and for convinced monetary sectors corresponding to fisheries, tourism and estate markets. the complete significance of the advantages of water providers is seldom thought of for a few purposes, together with the trouble in quantifying very important non-economic merits akin to non-use values, dignity, social prestige, cleanliness and total overall healthiness. additionally, information regarding the advantages of water companies is mostly hidden within the technical literature, the place it continues to be invisible to key decision-makers in ministries. This file attracts jointly and summarises present info at the merits of water and sanitation.
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Extra resources for Benefits of Investing in Water and Sanitation: An OECD Perspective
4 Hygiene promotion is a key intervention to ensure that access to water and sanitation services can deliver benefits. They include provision of hand washing points, hygiene and health education and the encouragement of specific behaviors such as hand washing at critical times, keeping animals out of the kitchen, proper management of child excreta and proper storage of household drinking water. If such activities are not properly conducted, sanitation facilities may end up not being used and public money wasted.
1 How do health benefits materialise: the links between water, sanitation and health Inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are known to cause a large number of preventable diseases, examples of which are discussed below. e. 7 Diarrhoea itself is a symptom that can be associated with a variety of diseases, including cholera, typhoid or dysentery. Diarrhoea is caused mainly by the ingestion of pathogens, especially in unsafe drinking water, in contaminated food or from unclean hands. Inadequate sanitation and insufficient hygiene promote transmission of these pathogens.
The impact of each intervention is likely to vary widely according to local circumstances, including the prevalence of diseases in the particular location, and the scale of intervention. Prioritising should therefore be based on local conditions and evidence from implementation rather than from pooled data (WHO, 2008). Besides, interventions cannot be seen as independent events, as potential disbenefits may emerge from investing in one area without commensurate investment in the other. , 2010).
Benefits of Investing in Water and Sanitation: An OECD Perspective by OECD