By Klaus Schubert, Paloma de Villota, Johanna Kuhlmann
This e-book offers the 1st finished analyses of the demanding situations all eu welfare structures were dealing with in view that 2007, combining in-depth country-based reports and comparative chapters. It makes a speciality of: 1) the commercial and fiscal difficulty, 2) demographic swap, and three) the stability among keeping off dangers and beginning up possibilities in social coverage. the implications convey that ecu welfare platforms are inclined to face an analogous demanding situations in numerous methods and that still their responses to these demanding situations fluctuate significantly. even though the european additionally performs a component in shaping nationwide welfare structures, it turns into obvious that eu welfare platforms are on no account converging: when it comes to social coverage, nationwide range inside of Europe remains to be a significant component that may form destiny advancements in ecu welfare systems.
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Additional resources for Challenges to European Welfare Systems
3 in invalidity pensions (BMASK 2014). First, aimed at increasing effective retirement age, a major change of the invalidity pension was introduced in 2012, valid for all those below the age of 50 by January 2014. Accordingly, access to an invalidity pension will be tightened and only be given in case of permanent invalidity and if requaliﬁcation is neither appropriate nor reasonable. Otherwise, the invalidity pension will be replaced by a rehabilitation beneﬁt (a prolonged version of the sickness pay).
The institutional set-up of Belgium’s welfare state has ideally accommodated for such stealthy change. While gradual change in the Belgian case included many demonstrable functional adaptations (arguably in some respects more successful than ‘big reform’ changes elsewhere), the process has also resulted in a highly opaque, complex system that is confronted with serious issues of transparency, internal consistency and hence governability. In addition, a legacy of decades of inter-regional and linguistic conﬂict is a convoluted federal system in which competencies remain allocated in a way which precludes a high degree of policy consistency.
These changes included extensions in publicly funded provisions as well as measures of retrenchment. The main reform adding a major new element to the system agreed on in 1993 is the regularisation of previously illegally ¨ sterle 2013b). employed migrant care work in 2007 (O From the 1990s and more signiﬁcantly in the past decade, Austria has seen a growing market of migrant care workers in private households, so-called 24-hour care workers. Care workers from Central Eastern European countries are employed in private households to provide the necessary care and support to people in need of care.
Challenges to European Welfare Systems by Klaus Schubert, Paloma de Villota, Johanna Kuhlmann