By Wolfram Kaiser
Significant examine of the position of eu Christian democratic events within the making of the eu Union. It significantly re-conceptualises eu integration in long term historic point of view because the final result of partisan pageant of political ideologies and events and their guiding principles for the way forward for Europe. Wolfram Kaiser takes a comparative method of political Catholicism within the 19th century, Catholic events in interwar Europe and Christian democratic events in postwar Europe and experiences those events' cross-border contacts and co-ordination of policy-making. He exhibits how good networked celebration elites ensured that the origins of ecu Union have been predominately Christian democratic, with significant repercussions for the present-day european. The elites succeeded via intensifying their cross-border conversation and coordinating their political strategies and coverage making in executive. this can be a significant contribution to the recent transnational background of Europe and the background of eu integration.
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With the death of Cardinal Giacomo Antonelli, the influential Vatican state secretary, in December 1876, the Pope discontinued his support for the Geneva Committee, which was finally disbanded two years later, in 1878. A more informal transnational network largely remained intact, however, and Catholic aristocrats eventually created the Union de Fribourg in 1884, which lasted until 1891. ), The Black International. 22 Christian Democracy and the Origins of European Union network, again encouraged by Mermillod, which essentially brought together conservative legitimists.
62 Swiss political Catholicism also remained highly successful in organising the Catholic vote, although more so in the traditional Catholic cantons than among Catholic migrants in the growing Protestant-dominated industrial centres. Of the predominately Catholic countries, Belgium had by far the strongest Catholic party. In contrast, due to Vatican policy there was not even a Catholic party in Italy before 1918. More importantly, France had parties and political groups supported by Catholic believers, but no Catholic party.
Parliamentary politics offered incentives for cooperation and compromise, which might well lure Catholic politicians away from following the more intransigent policies and positions decreed in Rome. Moreover, it could contribute to the formation of a new elite of lay middle-class politicians with less direct links with the Church hierarchy than the priests turned politicians who initially played an important role in All paths lead to Rome? 25 Catholic parties. In any case, political parties were separate and independent entities that would perhaps be under the influence, but not the direct control of, the Church hierarchy.
Christian Democracy and the Origins of European Union by Wolfram Kaiser