By Laszlo Lovei
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Extra resources for Energy in Europe and Central Asia: A Sector Strategy for the World Bank Group (World Bank Discussion Papers,)
The Country Unit and energy staff in the IBRD and IFC will make additional efforts to review/revise the Country Assistance Strategies for these countries to ensure that energy sector priorities are better reflected. World Bank Group Work Program The World Bank Group offers a wide range of products and services to match the needs of individual countries, including loans, grants, guarantees, participation with equity, and nonfinancial services such as policy advice, mobilization and coordination of donor support, training, and information exchange.
In particular, the energy transportation system (oil and gas pipelines and electricity transmission lines) was built to serve the internal needs of the former Soviet Union, and its configuration does not reflect present political boundaries. In addition, significant mitigation of risk is needed to promote investment in the export markets. Trends, Threats, and Opportunities In the next three to five years it is expeccted that: Page 4 · Economic growth will accelerate in the region and reverse the decline in energy demand.
Recently, IBRD added partial credit and partial risk guarantees to the range of financial products it offers (the IDA may do so in the near future). IBRD/IDA require sovereign guarantees from its clients, making them the natural source of financial assistance to public sector entities. The number of state-owned energy companies has been decreasing in the region, however, and this trend is expected to continue, particularly in the competitive segments of the energy industry such as the production and supply of oil, gas, coal, and electricity.
Energy in Europe and Central Asia: A Sector Strategy for the World Bank Group (World Bank Discussion Papers,) by Laszlo Lovei