By Stanley M. Burstein
Клеопа́тра VII Филопа́тор (др.-греч. Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ, sixty nine — 30 гг. до н. э.) — последняя царица эллинистического Египта из македонской династии Птолемеев (Лагидов).Прославлена благодаря драматической истории любви к римскому полководцу Марку Антонию, покончила жизнь самоубийством, чтобы не стать пленницей первого римского императора Октавиана Августа. Клеопатра стала одним из наиболее популярных античных персонажей в кинофильмах и литературных произведениях.
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And the death of a young man who had been wandering through Syria and Palestine claiming to be Ptolemy XIII, miraculously saved from the Battle of the Nile. Cleopatra’s personal diplomacy had been a brilliant success. She had dodged the bullet that threatened her, eliminated her last potential rival, and found a powerful new patron and protector in Antony. e. with her in Egypt. As usual, the sources treat Antony’s decision to go to Egypt instead of confronting Parthian raiders in Syria as evidence of his growing enslavement by Cleopatra.
Provided Cleopatra with the chance to continue her father’s policies in Upper Egypt, and she seized it. Greeks and Romans found much to wonder at in Egyptian religion but nothing puzzled and shocked them more than the cult of sacred animals. Almost every deity was believed to be potentially embodied in particular animals. , devotion to sacred animals had become central to popular cult, and reverence for them could take extreme forms. , saw a member of a Roman embassy torn to pieces by an enraged mob because he had accidentally killed a cat.
With her hold on Egypt secure, Cleopatra’s position was much stronger when Antony summoned her to Antioch to discuss his planned invasion of Parthia than it had been at the time of their ﬁrst meeting at Tarsus four years earlier. e. e. Cleopatra won Antony’s recognition of Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene as his children; and when she returned to Egypt the next spring, she was pregnant again with his child. Cleopatra also achieved major political successes at Antioch. , rewarding loyal client kings and removing those suspected of Parthian sympathies.
Reign of Cleopatra by Stanley M. Burstein